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Dynamo Kiev Soccer Club
Dynamo Kyiv was founded in 1927 as a sports society of Police and the Ministry of Interior. This society had already existed in several major cities in USSR, particularly in Moscow, where the Dynamo Moscow team was one of the best teams in Moscow championships. These early Soviet teams did not consist of proffessional football players, they included the employees of the organizations they represented. For example, all Dynamo Kyiv players held posts in the police.
During this the earliest epoch of the club's history, Dynamo Kyiv was not an elite team in USSR, in fact, they were not always the best Kyiv team. In Kyiv, they had to deal with ZhelDor (Lokomotiv) Kyiv, a very strong local competitor, representing the SouthWestern Railway System workers. In Kharkiv, which until 1934 was the capital of Ukrainian SSR, there were several strong teams as well. In fact, Kharkiv was considered the capital of Ukrainian football, proving it in national competitions. There were no real club competitions in USSR back then, there were, however, competitions involving largest cities in the country. Ukraine, more often than not, was represented by teams from Kharkiv. But slowly, by 1935, Dynamo Kyiv emerged as the best team from Kyiv. Aided by the move of Ukrainian capital from Kharkiv to Kyiv, Dynamo Kyiv became a natural choice to represent Ukraine in the first official USSR Football Championship, in the Spring of 1936, thus a new chapter of Dynamo Kyiv's history began.
During the first years of USSR Championships, Dynamo Kiev had showed that Ukrainian football is among the best in Soviet Union. In 1936-1941, Dynamo Kiev managed to finish second in the very first championship (Spring 1936) and third in the 1937 Championship. They also finished 4th in 1938.
Dynamo Kiev also showed its strength in Europe, where in 1936 as a basis of Ukrainian Select Team they defeated powerful Red Star from Paris 6-1 and defeated several European trade union teams with a combined score of 88-3.
That same year Dynamo Kiev defeated Turkish National Team, 9-1 and next year they lost to the Basque Select Team, 1-3.
Several Dynamo Kiev players of that time were among the best Soviet soccer had to offer: Nikolai Trusevich, Anton Idzkovskiy, Mikhail Sviridovskiy, V. Shilovskiy, K. Schegodskiy, K. Piontkovskiy, V. Prokofiev, M. Volin, I. Lifshits, Nikolay Makhinya. They were coached by the legendary Mikhail Tovarovskiy.
During the World War II, many Dynamo Kiev players were unable to escape German occupation. During the occupation, they were all employed at Kiev Bread Factory. In August 1942, Germans found out about the players of Dynamo Kiev still in Kiev and decided to show the German superiority by beating this team. By a German order, a team Start was formed. This team included 8 Dynamo Kiev players and several players of Lokomotiv Kiev who were also unable to escape occupation. The team included following players: Nikolai Trusevich, Mikhail Sviridovskiy, Nikolai Korotkikh, Aleksey Klimenko, Fedor Tyutchev, Mikhail Putistin, Ivan Kuzmenko, Makar Goncharenko (Dynamo Kiev), Vladimir Balakin, Vasiliy Sukharev, and Mikhail Melnik (Lokomotiv Kiev). Germans brought in several leading professional and military teams from Germany and Hungary, and Start players, starving and under conditioned, defeated them all. After Kiev players managed to beat one of the best German teams, Germans got angry and arrested all Kiev players, put them into a concentration camp, and shot several of them. Among the executed were Nikolai Trusevich, Ivan Kuzmenko, Aleksey Klimenko, and Nikolai Korotkikh. Witnesses say
that right before the execution Nikolai Trusevich cried out, "Red Sport will triumph!" As the result, Dynamo Kiev was destroyed and it would take a long time for them to recover their pre-war significance in Soviet football. A more complete version of the events of 1942 can be found
Having suffered serious losses in the War, Dynamo Kiev for a long time could not field a decent team of players. In fact, in 1946, the placed last in a 12 team league. Dynamo Kiev was then spared because of the successes they had had and a serious kadre situation they were in after the War. Occasionally, Dynamo Kiev did shine, though. Under the leadership of O. A. Oshenkin, Dynamo managed to finish 2nd in 1952 championship and, in 1954, they won the Cup, for the first time in club's history. The following players were main Dynamo Kiev players of that era: Oleg Makarov, A. Lerman, B. Golubev, N. Golyakov, P. Tischenko, T. Popovich, A. Larionov, M. Mikhalina, Edward Yust, A. Koltsov, Alexander Zazroev, Mikhail Koman, Z. Sengetovskiy, V. Zhilin, P. Vinkovatov, V. Bogdanovich, V. Zhuravlev, V. Fomin, V Terentiev. In 1955, Golubev, Fomin, and Makarov were called to the Soviet national team. This collection of players had proven to be a viable foundation for the next generation of Dynamo Kiev players who will finally bring home the biggest trophy of Soviet football
When, in late 50-s a new coach came to Dynamo Kiev, V. D. Soloviev, a
former star with CDKA Moscow, changes were happening in Kiev football.
A group of talented local young players was growing up and being brought
up to play at the highest level of Soviet soccer, wearing the white-blue
colors of Dynamo. The names of these players of the new generation would
soon become famous all over USSR and abroad. They were Valeriy Lobanovskiy,
Viktor Kanevskiy, Oleg Bazilevich, Andrei Biba, Valentin Troyanovskiy,
Vladimir Anufrienko. As they grew and matured, Dynamo Kiev started to
approach the highest prize in Soviet football. Strengthened by the addition
of talented Yuriy Voinov, Vassiliy Turyanchik, Joseph Sabo, Viktor Serebryannikov,
V. Schegolkov, Anatoliy Suchkov, and Nikolai Koltsov, the team joined
the fight for the championship.
The fame of Dynamo Kiev was further strengthened by new coach V. Maslov, who was invited to lead Dynamo Kiev in 1963. In 1964, Dynamo Kiev again won the Cup, and in 1966-1968, they won three straight USSR championships (the feat that has not been bested in Soviet football's history). Also, Dynamo Kiev had become the first soviet club to enter UEFA arena. By 1967, they already defeated Scottish Celtic, one of the top teams in European soccer of that time. 4 Dynamo Kiev players (Ostrovskiy, Sabo, Porkuyan, Serebryannikov) played on 1966 USSR World Cup team in England that placed 4th. 6 Dynamo Kiev players played on 1970 USSR WC team (Serebryannikov, Muntyan, Puzach, Byshovets, Khmelnitskiy, Rudakov). Dynamo Kiev added another USSR title in 1971. But the most important event in the early 70s Dynamo Kiev was the arrival of the new head coach, Valeriy Lobanovskiy, who would become one of the best coaches in the history of football and will take Dynamo to the heights of European prominence. His training program was new and unheard of, very physical, and very team-oriented. He was also aided by the arrival of a yet new generation of future Dynamo Kiev stars: Blokhin, Buryak, Onischenko, Veremeev, Kolotov, etc. This process took place in 1974 and Dynamo Kiev players responded by winning a "double", Championship and a Cup, in 1974.
Starting in 1975 Dynamo Kiev had finally won the respect of the whole
football-playing Europe. Dynamo Kiev crushed through the 1974/1975 UEFA
Cup Winners' Cup to win it on May 14, 1975, against Ferencvaros, 3-0.
On their way, they defeated Eindhoven and Eintracht Frankfurt, some of
the best club sides in European play. Later that year the USSR National
team, almost entirely made up of Dynamo Kiev players qualified for 1976
European Championship Finals. In the Fall, Dynamo Kiev dismissed Bayern
Munich, arguably the best European side of that time to win the prestigious
SuperCup. At the end of the year Dynamo Kiev added the seventh title of
domestic championship and Oleg Blokhin became the MVP of the USSR championship
for the third time in a row and the European Player of the Year (chosen
by France Football's poll) The following players were awarded the Honored
Master of Soviet Sport award: Oleg Blokhin, Leonid Buryak, Vladimir Veremeev,
Viktor Kolotov, Anatoli Kon'kov, V. Matvienko, V. Muntyan, V. Onischenko,
Stefan Reshko, Yevgeniy Rudakov, V. Troshkin, M. Fomenko.
These youngsters helped the few remaining veterans to win two straight championships in 1980 and 1981. In 1982, Dynamo Kiev sent 8 players to the 1982 WC in Spain as the base of USSR team. Most will remember the goal Andrei Bal had scored there in the preliminary round match against Brazil.
Dynamo Kiev had hit a slump in 1982-1984. The team struggled while replacing the retiring veterans and developing the young generation. But, in 1985, Dynamo Kiev was again poised for great things.
In 1985, Dynamo Kiev had won the championship (their 11th) and Cup double. But the great success came next year. In the season of 1985, Oleg Blokhin, a heralded leader of Dynamo Kiev and Soviet football, had achieved a unique record: 200 goals in USSR Championships. No player has been able to even approach this number. The second best was Ponomarev of Traktor Stalingrad, who retired in 1952, with 148 goals. In 1985/1986 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Dynamo Kiev swept all the opposition off their road to the trophy: Utrecht, Universitatea, Rapid, Dukla, and, in the final, Dynamo Kiev confidently destroyed Atletico Madrid, 3-0! Once again, Dynamo Kiev had climbed atop of the second most prestigious club competition on the continent. The club followed that success with their 12th USSR Championship (no team in the history of Soviet football has been able to achieve such success!) In 1987-1989, for many reasons, Dynamo Kiev had been unable to return to their winning ways. They managed to reach the pedestal twice more and win one more Soviet Cup. In 1987 they even reached the UEFA Champions' Cup semifinals once again. But the processes of democratization and freedom brewing in the country since 1985 had opened the doors to many talented Soviet footballers to the West. Most talented Dynamo Kiev players had chosen to play abroad for large contracts and other incentives. Dynamo Kiev, in the meantime, was trying to grow yet another crop of talented players. They were able to lure Oleg Protasov and Gennadi Litovchenko from a very strong Dnepr team. Protasov had already won the Silver boots - an award for the second highest scorer in domestic competitions in Europe in 1987. In addition, the club pipeline produced several great young players, such as Salenko, Sergei Yuran, Oleg Luzhniy, who were able, once again, to lift Dynamo Kiev to yet another title in 1990. Unfortunately, in 1991, the last season of USSR domestic league competition, the team was unable to repeat the earlier success. Nevertheless, at the end of USSR Elite League's history, Dynamo Kiev stood as the team that has won the most championship titles in Soviet football history - 13!
After the break up of Soviet Union, Dynamo Kyiv continued to dominate domestic football. After an unexpected second place finish in 1992, they have won 9 straight titles from 1993 - 2001. They have also added 5 National Cups during that time period. Dynamo has also once again proved their mettle at the international arena, where they had reached Champions League Semifinals in 1998/1999 and quarterfinals in 1997/1998. Dynamo Kyiv had routinely sent 10-12 players to play for the Ukrainian National Team, which had stopped one step short of the qualification for major tournaments three straight times. Since 1991, Dynamo Kyiv produces a plethora of very strong football players. Of those, we should mention Viktor Leonenko, Olexander Shovkovskiy, Sergi Rebrov, Andriy Shevchenko, Holovko, Vashuk, Kosovskiy, Valiantsin Belkevich, Khatskevich, Andriy Husin, and several others.
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